Zug is among many towns that come under the label of Western Sahara. It is around 170 kilometers away from the well-known location of Atar, Mauritania. The main reason why people come to this place is to visit the sand sea, known as erg to local people, that flows nearby. The area comes under the administration of Polisario Front. In papers, it is often under the section of Liberated Territories.

The significance

Not only the place has a sand sea nearby, but there are also certain other things that make this area significant. One of the biggest points that highlight this area is that it, for the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, has been the 1st military region. There are a few SPLA military outposts in the area as well. Moreover, you will also get to see a small hospital that is serving the people in the surroundings. Though this may not seem something highly significant from the perspective of a person who resides in urban areas, away from the air of the desert. But for the locals, it is something highly important and valuable.

Infrastructure of the area

The only noticeable infrastructure of the area, apart from the local houses, is the hospital that you find in the town. The hospital was built as a result of an agreement between the Polisario officials and the members of friendship association. The members were from Alicante (Spain) who went on to do a meeting with the administration of the area and showed the interest in building a hospital there. The first visit this association made was in June 2009 and in September, there was a concert held to raise funds for it. The cooperators were Chambao, Olefunk and Mario Diaz and the concert took place in Altea. Later, the building work was started, and in 2011, the construction was completed.

Culture and tradition

The culture and tradition of a place matter a lot. Especially, for a tourist, a place that is rich in culture and has a god history is of great importance. As a part of the Western Sahara, the town possesses a lot of similarities that you will see in other areas of the desert. These include the local buildings and common practices. Moreover, if we talk about the history and tradition, according to the sources, there are some Neolithic engravings near this area. Moreover, a few geometrical patterns can also be seen alongside that resemble the ones that are present in Southern Morocco and Chad. It means that the place does possess some sort of attachment to the history.


So, this was an overview of what you may be able to get in Zug. If you happen to be there and does not know what to do, ask the locals for help. They are welcoming towards the tourists and help them in overcoming the troubles that they face in the desert area. However, from the perspective of an explorer, there may not be much in the town for you rather than a closer sight at the culture, lifestyle, and traditions of this part of the desert.